born on 29/5/1928 in New York City, NY, United States
died on 17/3/2021 in Baltimore, MD, United States
Freddie Redd (born May 29, 1928) is an American hard-bop pianist and composer. He is probably best known for writing music to accompany The Connection (1959), a play by Jack Gelber.
Redd was born and grew up in New York City; after losing his father at the age of one, he was raised by his mother, who moved around Harlem, Brooklyn and other neighborhoods. An autodidact, he began playing the piano at a young age and took to studying jazz seriously upon hearing Charlie Parker during his military service in Korea in the late-1940s.
Upon discharge from the Army in 1949, he worked with drummer Johnny Mills, and then in New York played with Tiny Grimes, Cootie Williams, Oscar Pettiford and the Jive Bombers. In 1954, he was playing with Art Blakey. Redd toured Sweden in 1956 with Ernestine Anderson and Rolf Ericson.
Redd's most successful project was in the late 1950s when he was invited to compose the music for The Living Theatre's New York stage production of The Connection, which was also used in the subsequent 1961 film. In both play and film he performed as an actor and musician. The theater production was a modest hit and the troupe toured the United States and Europe, performing in New York City, London, and Paris. Redd also led a Blue Note album of his music for the play, which featured Jackie McLean on alto sax. Redd's success in the theater production, however, did not advance his career in the United States, and shortly afterwards he moved to Europe, spending time in Denmark and France.
He returned to the United States in 1974 and resettled on the West Coast; he became a regular on the San Francisco scene and recorded intermittently until 1990. In 2011, he resettled in Baltimore, where he still resides.
Redd has always struggled to establish himself commercially, however musically, his creative lines, particular voicings and innovative compositions have solidified his reputation; he has worked with such musicians as Jackie McLean, Tina Brooks, Paul Chambers, Howard McGhee, Milt Hinton, Lou Donaldson, Benny Bailey, Charles Mingus, Louis Hayes, Al McKibbon, Billy Higgins, Osie Johnson, Tommy Potter, and Joe Chambers, among others. He even contributed organ to James Taylor's original 1968 recording of "Carolina in My Mind". Redd recorded several albums as leader, including two other Blue Note albums (although the last of these was not issued for many years). He most recently completing a European tour in 2013.
- 1955 - Piano:East/West (Savoy), one half of an album shared with Hampton Hawes
- 1955 - Introducing the Freddie Redd Trio (Prestige)
- 1957 - San Francisco Suite (Riverside)
- 1960 - The Music from ″The Connection″ (Blue Note)
- 1960 - Shades Of Redd (Blue Note)
- 1961 - Redd's Blues (Blue Note) - released 1988
- 1965 - Movin' reissue of Piano:EastWest (Status Prestige)
- 1971 - Under Paris Skies (Futura)
- 1977 - Straight Ahead! (Interplay)
- 1978 - Extemporaneous (Interplay) - released 1990
- 1985 - Lonely City (Uptown) - released 1989
- 1988 - Live at the Studio Grill (Triloka) - released 1990
- 1990 - Everybody Loves a Winner (Milestone)
- 1998 - Freddie Redd and his International Jazz Connection (2001, Fairplay INJazz)
- 2015 - Music For You (Steeplechase)
- 2016 - With Due Respect (2016, Steeplechase)
- Gene Ammons: All Star Sessions (Prestige, 1955)
- Joe Roland: Joltin' Joe Roland (Savoy, 1955), Joe Roland Quintette (Bethlehem, 1955)
- Rolf Ericson: Rolf Ericson & The American All Stars (Dragon, 1956)
- Art Farmer: When Farmer Met Gryce (Prestige, 1955)
- Tiny Grimes: The Complete 1950–1954, Volumes 3, 4, 5 (Blue Moon)
- Howard McGhee: Music from the Connection (Felstead, 1961)
- Freddie Redd at AllMusic
- Scott Yanow, "Artists - Freddie Redd", Blue Note.
- Nat Hentoff, "Freddie Redd". From the liner notes of Shades Of Redd, Blue Note.
- Nat Hentoff, From the liner notes of Shades Of Redd, Blue Note.
- Peter Watrous, "Freddie Redd Sums It Up in Three Blue Notes", The New York Times (Archives), September 3, 1989.
- Greg Burk, "Freddie Redd interview, 2005", from LA Weekly, August 6, 2005.