Erica Abi Wright

Alias Erykah Badu

Erykah Badu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Erykah Badu

Born Erica Abi Wright
February 26 1971
Dallas, Texas, United States
Years active 1996present
Children 3

Erykah Abi Wright (born Erica Abi Wright; February 26, 1971),[1] better known by her stage name Erykah Badu ( /rk bdu/), is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, activist, and actress. Badu's career began after opening a show for D'Angelo in 1994 in her hometown, Kedar Massenburg was highly impressed with her performance and signed her to Kedar Entertainment.[2] Her first album, Baduizm, was released on February 11, 1997.[3] It spawned three singles: "On & On", "Next Lifetime" and "Otherside of the Game". The album was certified triple Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[4]

Badu's first live album (second overall), Live, was released on November 18, 1997.[5] It produced two singles: "Apple Tree" and "Tyrone". The album was certified double Platinum by the RIAA.[4] Badu's second album (third overall), Mama's Gun, was released on October 31, 2000.[6] It spawned three singles: "Bag Lady", "Didn't Cha Know?" and "Cleva". The album was certified Platinum by the RIAA.[4] Badu's third album (fourth overall), Worldwide Underground, was released on September 16, 2003.[7] It generated two singles: "Danger" and "Back in the Day (Puff)". The album was certified Gold by the RIAA.[4] Badu's fourth album (fifth overall), New Amerykah Part One (4th World War), was released on February 26, 2008.[8] It spawned two singles: "Honey" and "Soldier". New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) was release in 2010 and fared well both critically and commercially.

Musically her work includes elements from R&B, hip hop and jazz.[1] She is best known for her role in the rise of the neo soul sub-genre. She is known as the "First Lady of Neo-Soul" or the "Queen of Neo-Soul". Early in her career, Badu was recognizable for wearing very large and colorful headwraps. For her musical sensibilities, she has often been compared[9] to jazz great Billie Holiday.[10][11] She was a core member of the Soulquarians. As an actress, she has played a range of supporting roles in movies including Blues Brothers 2000, The Cider House Rules and House of D. She also speaks at length in the documentaries Before the Music Dies and The Black Power Mixtapes.

Early life

Erykah Badu was born Erica Abi Wright in Dallas, Texas on February 26, 1971. Her mother raised her, her brother Eevin, and her sister Nayrok alone after their father, William Wright Jr., deserted the family early in their lives. To provide for her family, the children's grandmother often helped to look after them while Erykah's mother, Kolleen Maria Wright (née Gipson), worked as an actress in theatrical productions. Influenced by her mother, Erykah had her first taste of show business at the age of 4, singing and dancing with her mother at the Dallas Theatre Centre.

By the age of 14, Erykah was free-styling for a local radio station alongside such talent as Roy Hargrove. In her youth, she had decided to change the spelling of her first name from Erica to Erykah, as she believed her original name was a "slave name." The term 'kah' signifies the inner self. She adopted a surname of Badu because it is her favorite jazz scat sound; also, among the Akan people in Ghana, it is the term for the 10th-born child.[12]

Upon graduating from Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, Badu went on to study theater at Grambling State University, a historically black college. To concentrate on music full-time, she left the university in 1993 before graduating, and took on several minimum-wage jobs to support herself. She taught drama and dance to children at the South Dallas Cultural Center.

Working and touring with her cousin, Robert "Free" Bradford, she recorded a 19-song demo, Country Cousins, which attracted the attention of Kedar Massenburg. He set Badu up to record a duet with D'Angelo, "Your Precious Love," and eventually signed her to a record deal with Universal Records.[12]


Baduizm (1997-1999)

Baduizm, Badu's debut album, was released in early 1997. The album was met with critical and commercial success, debuting at number two on the Billboard charts and number one on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[13][14] Baduizm's commercial and critical success earned Erykah Badu popularity at the time and helped establish her as one of the emerging neo soul genre's leading artists.[15] Her particular style of singing drew many comparisons to Billie Holiday.[16] Baduizm was certified three times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, Gold by the British Phonographic Industry and the Canadian Recording Industry Association. [4] [17] [18]

The album produced four singles, the lead single "On & On" was released in January 1996,[19] and reached number tweelve on the US Billboard Hot 100 charts and the UK Singles Charts, as well as making an appearance on the New Zealand charts.[20] The album and lead single also gave Badu her first nomination and win at the Grammy Awards, where On & On won Best Female R&B Vocal Performance and the album won Best R&B Album.[21][22]

Badu recorded her first live album, Live, while pregnant with Seven, and the release of the recording coincided with his birth.[23] The album was released on November 18, 1997 and reached number four on the US Billboard 200 [24] and number one on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[25][26] The album was certified two times platinum by RIAA for shipments of over two million copies.[4] The albums lead single "Tyrone" was released in October 1997 and became R&B single, "Tyrone", lyrically is a song chiding a selfish, cheap, and inattentive boyfriend.[27] Badu also collaborated with the Roots (who had previously handled production duties on a number of tracks on Baduizm) on their breakthrough 1999 release, Things Fall Apart. She was featured on the song "You Got Me", by The Roots and American female rapper Eve, co-written by Jill Scott, the song peaked at thirty nine in the US and thirty one in the UK. The song went on to win The Roots and Badu a Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group in 1999.[28]

Mama's Gun and Worldwide Underground (2000-2006)

After taking some time off to raise her child, Badu returned in 2000 with Mama's Gun. The album was characterized as more organic in sound than her previous studio album, and primarily produced by the Soulquarians and noted bassist Pino Palladino. A remix of one of the album's songs, "Bag Lady", was issued as the first single and topped the R&B charts for seven weeks. The album was well-received, with the lyrical content winning notices from many publications. Reviewers found some of her lyrics hard to decipher on her initial releases.[29] Despite not charting as high as her first two albums, Mama's Gun was another platinum-selling success, and "Bag Lady" was nominated for a Grammy Award. By 2000, Badu was in a romantic relationship with fellow Soulquarian Common. The two released "Love of My Life (An Ode to Hip-Hop)" as a collaboration on the Brown Sugar soundtrack. "Love of My Life" hit #9 on the pop charts, topped the R&B listings, and in 2003 Badu was awarded her fourth Grammy Award for it.[30] In 2001 Badu embarked on the Mama's Gun World Tour. The tour started in North America on February 10 in Cleveland, Ohio at the Allen Theatre.[31] Badu will perform two nights in Washington, D.C. and Chicago.[32] The tour itinerary will continue with additional dates throughout the summer in Europe and the U.S.[33] After the release of Mama's Gun and "Love of My Life", Badu suffered writer's block.[34]

On September 16, 2003, she released her third studio album Worldwide Underground, the album was more jam-oriented than any of her prior releases, and Badu said that the album was designed to as "one continuous groove."[35] Upon release Worldwide Underground, the album was met with some criticism towards its loose, unconventional structure and songwriting, the album received generally positive reviews from music critics.[36] Commercially the album fared well and debuted at number three on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart in the week of October 4, 2003,[37] selling 143,561 copies in its first week.[38] Ultimately spending 11 weeks on the Billboard 200, it also entered at number two on Billboard's Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and spent 30 weeks on the chart.[39] By December 2003, the album had sold 394,000 copies domestically.[40] On October 28, 2003, Worldwide Underground was certified gold in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America, following sales in excess of 500,000 copies in the United States.[41] According to Nielsen SoundScan, the album has sold 609,000 copies in the United States.[42] Its first single, "Love of My Life (An Ode to Hip Hop)", peaked at number nine on the Billboard Hot 100 and at number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[43] The second single "Danger" reached number 82 on the Hot 100 and number 27 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs,[44] while the third single "Back in the Day (Puff)" peaked at number 62 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[45] Badu received four further Grammy nominations for the album. She also contributed to Zap Mama's album Ancestry in Progress (2004), adding her vocals to the track "Bandy Bandy."

Badu embarked on the "Worldwide Underground Tour" in 2004.[46] The U.S. trek kicked-off February 3, in New Orleans and ran through the winter and spring with supporting act Floetry joining the tour Feb. 5 in Houston.[47] The Roots made a special opening act appearance at the Feb. 11 show in Los Angeles. Badu resumed the tour during the fall with additional dates in America and Europe. In 2005, she was a judge for the 4th Annual Independent Music Awards, to support independent artists' careers. Badu founded the Sugar Water Festival, a music festival co-found by Badu, Queen Latifah and Jill Scott. The trek played to amphitheaters and arenas in the United States during the summer of 2005 and 2006. It began in 2005 as an event to bring awareness to health issues to African-American women. British duo Floetry opened shows during the 2005 run. The festival was relaunched briefly in 2006 with Kelis opening the show and comedian Mo'Nique hosting the festival.[48] 2006 was the final year for the outing. The festival had plans to expand into Europe and Asia, however, this did not come to fruition. The Summer Tour was a concert tour in 2006 by Badu. The tour started on June 10, in Knoxville, TN with three shows in the U.S. and resumed in July for several shows in Europe. Badu co-headlined with dates in August with Jill Scott and Queen Latifah at the "Sugar Water Festival".[49]

New Amerykah Part One (2007-2009)

After being purchased her first computer as a Christmas gift Badu, began communicating and receiving music from Questlove among others including as Q-Tip and J Dilla. Badu later began to use her laptop as a mini recording studio, using it to construct various backing tracks for songs, which led to the album's primary recording sessions at Electric Lady Studios in New York City.[50][51] In 2007 Badu was said to have three albums in the works for release during 2007 and 2008. "Honey", a new single produced by 9th Wonder, was leaked online in November 2007. The fourth studio album, titled New Amerykah Part One (4th World War), was released by Universal Motown Records,[52] in the United States on February 26, 2008, Badu's 37th birthday.[53] It was released in European countries on February 29,[54] in Australia and the United Kingdom on March 3,[55][56] and in Japan on March 12.[57] Both Japanese and Australian editions contain the bonus track "Real Thang".[57] The album's digital release to the iTunes Store featured the song's "Tumbling Dice Remix" as a bonus track.[58] New Amerykah Part One was also released as a double vinyl LP on March 11,[59] and on USB stick format.[60]

The album's lead single, "Honey", was released on December 11, 2007.[61] It reached number 88 on the US Billboard Hot 100, on which it spent three weeks.[62] The song also charted at number 22 and spent 17 weeks on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.[62] Upon release New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) received universal acclaim from music critics.[52] In the United States, the album debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 chart, selling 125,000 copies in its first week.[63] It was Badu's best opening week since her debut album Baduizm in 1997. It also entered at number two on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[64] According to Nielsen Soundscan, New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) sold 359,000 copies in the United States by early 2010.[65] Erykah Badu performed at the 10th annual Voodoo Experience in New Orleans the weekend before Halloween 2008.[66] In the United Kingdom, the album charted at number 55 on the UK Albums Chart, on which it spent one week.[67] In France, it debuted at number 49 and spent 11 weeks on the French Albums Chart.[68] In Switzerland, it debuted at number 10 and spent six weeks on the Swiss Albums Top 100.[54] In the Netherlands, the album entered at number 25 and spent seven weeks on the Mega Album Top 100.[69] In Poland, it reached number nine and spent eight weeks on the Polish Albums Chart.[70] The album's highest international charting was number five in Sweden, where it charted for seven weeks.[54]

During 2008 and 2009 Badu embarked on two world tours. The Vortex Tour (2008) was a tour in support of, New Amerykah Part One (4th World War).[71][72] The U.S. tour kicked off May 4, in Detroit, MI ending on June 15, in Albuquerque, N.M.[73] The second leg of tour reached Europe on June 25, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Badu toured across Europe playing shows that included an itinerary for the month of July. Several more shows were added throughout August in the U.S.. The Jam Tour was a summer music concert tour in 2009.[74] The tour started in March, Badu played dates across North America twice and Europe, which ended in Dallas, Texas on October 16. During the U.S. second leg, Badu was featured as a special guest co-headliner on hip-hop artist Mos Def's "Ecstatic Tour"[75] on select September dates.[76]

New Amerykah Part Two and Window Seat controversy (2010-2012)

"New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh)" Badu's fifth studio album was released March 30, 2010 on Universal Motown in the United States.[77] It is set for release in Japan on April 14, 2010.[78] Upon release the album was met with general acclaim from music critics.[36] The album debuted at number four on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 110,000 copies in its first week.[63] It also entered at number two on Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[63] In the United Kingdom, New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) debuted at number 56 on the UK Albums Chart and at number nine on the R&B Albums Chart.[79][80] In Canada, the album debuted at number 36 on the Top 100 and at number five on the R&B Top 50 chart.[81][82] New Amerykah Part Two achieved moderate chart success in international markets, peaking within the top-50 in several countries, including Norway, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark.[79] During March 2010, Badu promoted the album through television performances on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, The Wendy Williams Show, Chelsea Lately, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, and Good Day New York.[83] She also appeared on the April issue cover of EQ magazine and was featured in the April issues of Nylon and Playboy, while she is also scheduled to appear in upcoming issues of several publications, including Rolling Stone, Entertainment Weekly, Time Out New York, Spin, Vibe, Paste, and People, among many other publications.[83] Badu performed at a surprise midnight show on March 31, 2010 at the El Rey Theatre in Los Angeles.[84]

The internet-only promotional single "Jump up in the Air (Stay There)", featuring Lil Wayne and Bilal, was released on Badu's official website in January 2010. RC Williams, Badu's musical director, said that a music video for the track was shot in Dallas.[85] The album's first official single, "Window Seat", was released by Badu through a downloadable link on her Twitter page.[86] The song peaked at number 16 on Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[39] The album's second single, "Turn Me Away (Get MuNNY)", was released March 24, 2010 by Badu as a free download online.[87][88] It spent three weeks on the R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, peaking at number 87.[39] On Wednesday, February 9, 2011, released a new video for Gone Baby, Don't Be Long directed by Flying Lotus. The video was tweeted by Badu herself and friend and associated music act Questlove from the Roots.[89]

On March 13, 2010,[90] Badu filmed the video for her song "Window Seat", at Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas, the site of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. She wrote on her Twitter feed that the video "was shot guerrilla style, no crew, 1 take, no closed set, no warning, 2 min., Downtown Dallas, then ran like hell."[91] The team did not acquire permission or permits from the city. In the video, Badu shed her clothes as she walked along a Dallas sidewalk until she was nude at the site where Kennedy was shot. A shot rang out as the song ended, Badu's head jerked back, and she fell to the ground. Children with their families could be seen nearby as Badu stripped.[92] When asked about stripping nude in the presence of minors, Badu said, "I didnt think about them until I saw them, and in my mind I tried to telepathically communicate my good intent to them. Thats all I could do, and I hoped they wouldnt be traumatized."[90][93] In response, Badu said on The Wanda Sykes Show on April 3, 2010, that it was not her intention to insult the memory of the late President Kennedy, saying "My point was grossly misunderstood all over America. JFK is one of my heroes, one of the nation's heroes. John F. Kennedy was a revolutionary; he was not afraid to butt heads with America, and I was not afraid to show America my butt-naked truth."[94] Coodie and Chike, directors of the "Window Seat" video, said they had bail money ready during filming, in case Badu was arrested.[94] Badu said the video was a protest against groupthink and was inspired by Matt and Kim's music video "Lessons Learned." Badu has also said she has "no regrets".[90] In 2011 Badu appeared on Flying Lotus' fourth album, Until the Quiet Comes.[95] Badu appeared on the debut album by the supergroup Rocketjuice and The Moon, which was released in March 2012[96] and album Black Radio by Robert Glasper.

Sixth studio album (2013)

In 2013, Badu appeared on "Treehome95" from Tyler, The Creator's second studio album, Wolf as well as appearing on the song "Heaven for the Sinner" from Bonobo's album, The North Borders.[97] Badu featured on Janelle Monáe first single from her second studio album The Electric Lady, "Q.U.E.E.N.", the song, premiered on SoundCloud and made available for download purchase at the iTunes Store on April 23, 2013.[98] The song peaked at forty-seven on the US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs charts.

In May 2013, Erykah Badu announced she is writing for her next project, but she is not placing a time constraint on it.[99]

Other ventures

Besides from music Badu has ventured into acting. She made her debut as a supporting role in the 1998 film Blues Brothers 2000, playing Queen Mousette.[100] The film gained mostly mixed to negative reviews from film critics and was considered a commercial failure.[101][102] Badu made her second appearances in The Cider House Rules (1999), where she played the character of Rose Rose.[100] The film fared well both critically and commercially,[103] with Badu receiving numerous awards and nominations including a win at the 2000 Black Reel Awards for best supporting actress as well as nominations for Screen Actors Guild Awards and Satellite Awards.[104] In 2004 Badu returned to the screen playing Lady/Bernadette in House of D.[100] Badu also had small roles in Before the Music Dies (2005), and Dave Chappelle's Block Party (2006). She is reported to have a leading role alongside Mos Def in the upcoming indie film, Bobby Zero, which tells a story of a struggling couple, who hit rock bottom after Mos Def's character gives up his artistic dream to pursue an advertising corporate job to live on.[105] She also appeared in scenes of the music video of Miko Marks' 2006 recording "Mama" and Common's video for "The Light," as well as making a special appearance on the sitcom Girlfriends.

In 2008 Badu became the face of fashion designer Tom Ford White Patchouli fragrance. Ford, longtime friends with Badu, considered her the best choice for the campaign. I have always considered her a true beauty she just fits, says Ford.[106] In late December 2013, it was announced that Badu would become the face of Givenchy's 2014 Spring collection.[107]

Badu also remains an activist in her hometown of South Dallas. Badu set up her own charity organization, titled Beautiful Love Incorporated Non Profit Development (B.L.I.N.D. 501c3).[108] The charity was established in 1997 and aims to provide "community-driven development for inner-city youth" through the use of music, dance, theater and visual arts.[109] The organisations first endeavor was to establish a base of operations. Erykah chose to renovate and reopen the Black Forest Theater in South Dallas.[109] The Black Forest serves as a community center, bringing people together in order to celebrate the art and culture of south Dallas.[109] The Black Forests stage is equipped for shows and performances, and has hosted both free and fundraising concerts by music artist's including Prince, Snoop Dogg, Jill Scott, Music Soulchild, Dead Prez, Talib Quali and ?ueslove from The Roots.[109] All of the artists volunteered their time to help with the charity.[109] As an outreach for B.L.I.N.D., Erykah traveled to Africa in February 2003, where she worked with children affected by AIDS and poverty. Erykah has also received the Key to the City of Dallas and been recognized in Philanthropy Magazine for her efforts in community service.[109]

Musical style

Musically her work includes elements from R&B, hip hop and jazz.[1] For her musical sensibilities, she has often been compared[9] to jazz great Billie Holiday.[10][11] Badus style is a prime example of neo-soul, as she focuses on the contemporary styles of the genres soul and hip hop. Mama's Gun is a neo soul album, that incorporates funk, soul, and jazz styles.[110] The album has been viewed by critics as a female companion to neo soul artist D'Angelo's second album Voodoo (2000), which features a similar musical style and direction.[111][112][113] Worldwide Underground followed in the same vain as Badu's previous efforts, the album was a neo-soul album prominently incorporating hip hop and funk elements, the album features an unconventional musical structure. New Amerykah Part One (4th World War), music is dense,[114] stylistic amalgam that primarily incorporates funk, soul, and hip hop genres,[50][115][116] as well as jazz and electronica.[117] In contrast to its predecessor New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) (2008), which was digitally produced and political in tone, New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) incorporates sampling and live instrumentation.[118][119]

Lyrically Badu expresses a deeper message, as opposed to common R&B music. The majority of Badus music is greatly influenced by her beliefs of the Nation of Gods and Earths and her exploration of her African heritage.[120] The songs in Badus album, Baduizm express her personal take on life. Her philosophy is influenced by African ideology, African-centered and Five Percent theologies and Southern African-American folk traditions. Mama's Gun has an confessional lyrical theme by Badu, which cover themes of insecurity, social issues and personal relationships. Worldwide Underground contains minimal songwriting concerning hip hop culture, love, ghetto life, and gang culture.[51][121][122][123] New Amerykah Part One is an esoteric concept album with sociopolitical themes and mostly downbeat subject matter,[124][125] featuring more impersonal topics and social commentary than on Badu's previous work.[53] Its subject matter deals with social concerns and struggles within the African-American community, exploring topics such as institutional racism, religion, poverty, urban violence, the abuse of power, complacency, cultural identity, drug addiction, and nihilism.[126][127] Badu has said that the album discusses "religion, [...] poor families, the undermining of the working class, the so-called minority.",[128] Lyrically New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh), contains more personal lyrics focus on themes of romance and relationships.[118][119] Badu has described its sound as "very analog".[129]

During Badu's childhood and school years, she drew influences from a variety of hip-hop artists including Kool Herc, Red Alert, DJ Jazzy Jeff, DJ Spinderella and Salt 'n' Pepa; expanding on this she noted the previous rappers as being "very inspiring to me, because they were the people who conducted feelings".[130] Badu is inspired by "stimulating" experiences, she was also influenced greatly by her music teacher Ms. Goodman.[131] Her teacher encouraged her to take up music.[131] Badu also takes influence from her Grandmother and her religious views which Erykah described as a lesson saying "When you do it, it gotta be real, or that's not it."[131]

Honors and awards

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Erykah Badu

In 1997, Badu received six nominations and won three, Favorite Female Solo Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Solo Album for Baduizm and Best R&B/Soul or Rap Song of the Year for "On & On" at the Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards.[132][133] In 1998, Badu received fourteen nominations and won eight, including Favorite R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist at the American Music Awards; Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "On & On" and Best R&B Album for Baduizm at the Grammy Awards; Outstanding New Artist and Outstanding Female Artist at the NAACP Image Awards; Favorite Female Soul/R&B Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Soul/R&B Album for Baduizm and Favorite New R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist for "On & On" at the Soul Train Music Awards.[21][22][134][135][136][137]

In 2000, Badu received two nominations and won one, Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group at the Grammy Awards.[138] In 2003, Badu received twelve nominations and won two, including Video of the Year for "Love of My Life (An Ode to Hip-Hop)" at the BET Awards and Best Urban/Alternative Performance for "Love of My Life (An Ode to Hip-Hop)" at the Grammy Awards.[139][140] In 2008, Badu received eleven nominations and won two, including Best Director for "Honey" at the BET Awards and Best Direction in a Video for "Honey" at the MTV Video Music Awards. Overall, Badu has won 16 awards from 57 nominations.[141][142][143]


Although she disputes the term, Erykah Badu has been dubbed "the first lady of neo soul" and "the queen of neo-soul".[115][144][145][146] Baduizm's commercial and critical success earned Erykah Badu popularity at the time and helped establish her as one of the emerging neo soul genre's leading artists.[15] Along with D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995) and Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), the album has been recognized by music writers for beginning neo soul's popularity and helping the genre obtain commercial visibility at the time.[147][148][149]

Music writers have credited the breakthroughs of D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995), Erykah Badu's Baduizm (1997), Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), and Lauryn Hill's The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998) with shaping and raising the neo soul movement to commercial visibility into the late 1990s.[148][149][150][151][152] According to Farley, D'Angelo's album "gives a nod to the past, [...] mints his own sound, with golden humming keyboards and sensual vocals and unhurried melodies [...] His songs were polished without being slick and smart without being pretentious", while Badu "brought an iconoclastic spirit to soul music, with her towering Afrocentric headwraps, incense candles, and quirky lyrics".[153] Baduizm sold nearly three million copies and won Badu two Grammy Awards.[115]

In a 2010 article for PopMatters, music writer Tyler Lewis elaborated on the term in retrospect, stating: "The term 'neo-soul' has been the subject of intense debate ever since Kedar Massenburg coined it as a way to market Erykah Badu's Baduizm 13 years ago. Given the way black music has been named by (usually) outsiders ever since the blues, the reaction to the name by artists who ostensibly fit into the 'neo-soul' category represents a wonderful example of black self-determination in an industry that is still defiantly wedded to narrow definitions and images of black folks."[154]

Personal life

Badu has become a strict vegan and says of this practice: "Vegan food is soul food in its truest form. Soul food means to feed the soul. And to me, your soul is your intent. If your intent is pure, you are pure".[155] Badu splits her time between Dallas and the Fort Greene neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York.[156]

In 1995 Badu became involved with rapper André 3000 of OutKast, with whom she had her first child, a son named Seven Sirius Benjamin, who was born on November 18, 1997.[157] Their relationship ended sometime in 1999. Their relationship inspired André 3000 to write the song "Ms. Jackson". In 2000, Badu was in a romantic relationship with fellow Soulquarian Common, their relationship ended in 2002. On July 5, 2004, Badu gave birth to a daughter, Puma Sabti Curry; Puma's father is West Coast rapper The D.O.C., originally from Dallas. On February 1, 2009, Badu gave birth to her third child, a girl named Mars Merkaba Flowers-Wright; with her boyfriend of five years, rapper Jay Electronica.[158] It was a family event attended by Puma and Seven as well.[159]

On April 2, 2010, Badu was charged with disorderly conduct, a class C misdemeanor, for appearing nude in Dealey Plaza in Dallas while filming the music video for "Window Seat." No witnesses called police at the time of the incident, but the Dallas police actively sought witnesses after the release of the video.[160] Sgt. Warren Mitchell said the decision to cite Badu for a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of up to $500 came after witness Ida Espinosa, 32, of Vernon, offered a sworn statement to police Thursday, April 1. Espinosa declined to comment to The Associated Press.[161] On April 28, 2010, Badu pled not guilty rather than paying the fee by mail.[162][163] On August 13, she paid the $500 ticket and began a term of six months' probation.[164]


Main article: Erykah Badu discography
Studio albums
  • Baduizm (1997)
  • Mama's Gun (2000)
  • Worldwide Underground (2003)
  • New Amerykah Part One (4th World War) (2008)
  • New Amerykah Part Two (Return of the Ankh) (2010)
Live albums
  • Live (1997)


  • Baduizm Tour (1997)
  • Mama's Gun World Tour (2001)
  • Frustrated Artist Tour (2003)
  • Worldwide Underground Tour (2004)
  • Sugar Water Festival Tour (2005)
  • Summer Tour (2006)
  • The Vortex World Tour (2008)
  • Jam Tour (2009)
  • Out My Mind, Just in Time World Tour (2010)


  • All That (1997)
  • Blues Brothers 2000 (1998)
  • The Cider House Rules (1999)
  • House of D (2004)
  • Before the Music Dies (2006)
  • Dave Chapelle's Block Party (2006)
  • Yo Gabba Gabba! (2009)
  • Re:Generation Music Project (2012)

See also

  • Neo soul


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