Date de naissance 2.6.1947 à Hexham, Northumberland, Grande-Bretagne
Sir Mark Philip Elder, CBE (born 2 June 1947) is a British conductor. He is the music director of the Hallé Orchestra in Manchester, England.
Life and career
Elder was born in Hexham, Northumberland, England, the son of a dentist. He played the bassoon when in primary school, and at Bryanston School, Dorset, where he was one of the foremost musicians (bassoon and keyboards) of his generation. He attended Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he studied music and was a choral scholar. He later became a protégé of Sir Edward Downes and gained experience conducting Verdi operas in Australia, at the Sydney Opera House.
With his wife Mandy, Elder has a daughter, Katie.
From 1979 to 1993, Elder was the music director of English National Opera (ENO). He was known as part of the "Power House" team that also included general director Peter Jonas and artistic director David Pountney, and which gave ENO several very successful years of productions. Elder has also served as principal guest conductor of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (1992-1995) and music director of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra (1989-1994). He has also held positions as Principal Guest Conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1982-1985) and the London Mozart Players (1980-1983).
Elder was appointed music director of the Hallé Orchestra in 1999. His first concert as music director was in October 2000. His proposed novel ideas for concerts have included the abandonment of traditional concert evening garb Elder is generally regarded as having restored the orchestra to high musical standards, after a period where the continuing existence of the orchestra was in doubt. In 2004, he signed a contract to extend his tenure from 2005 to 2008, with an optional two-year extension at the end of that time. A 2005 report indicated that Elder would be with the orchestra at least until 2010. In May 2009, the orchestra announced the extension of Elder's contract to 2015. In November 2013, the Hallé announced the further extension of Elder's contract through "at least 2020".
He first conducted the Last Night of the Proms in 1987. He was scheduled to conduct again in 1990, but his remarks about the nature of some of the traditional Proms selections in the context of the impending first Gulf War led to his dismissal from that engagement. In 2006, he returned to conduct the BBC Symphony Orchestra for his second Last Night engagement, and used the traditional speech at the end of the concert to criticise aircraft baggage restrictions, in place following the uncovering of the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot, which have made it difficult for musicians to carry their instruments on aircraft. In a reference to the fact that laptop computers are now allowed in aircraft cabins, Elder said, "...it seems to me that next year we should all look forward to 'Concerto for Laptop and Orchestra.'" He also made a plea for children to be given more opportunity to sing at school.Elder was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1989 Queen's Birthday Honours. He won an Olivier Award in 1991 for his outstanding work at English National Opera. He received the 2006 conductor prize of the Royal Philharmonic Society. In April 2007, Elder was one of eight conductors of British orchestras to endorse the 10-year classical music outreach manifesto, "Building on Excellence: Orchestras for the 21st Century", to increase the presence of classical music in the UK, including giving free entry to all British schoolchildren to a classical music concert. In June 2008, Elder received a knighthood in the 2008 Queen's Birthday Honours.
Describing his own conducting style, Elder has said:
I'm quite a physical conductor. I remember seeing Adrian [Boult] backstage after the 1978 Proms and he was wearing a freshly ironed light blue M&S shirt and he said to me "I see you're one of the sweaty ones." He was famously non-perspirational.
Elder has recorded for the Hyperion, NMC, Chandos and Glyndebourne record labels, as well as for the Hallé Orchestra's own label. In addition to his conducting and recording activities, Elder also has written on music for London's The Guardian and other newspapers.
- Richard Morrison, Pally at the Halle, The Times, 20 February 2004. URL accessed on 2007-09-23.
- Tom Service, The Italian Job, The Guardian, 21 April 2007. URL accessed on 2007-07-17.
- Joey Canessa, My Home: Mark Elder, conductor, The Independent, 2005-12-14. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Rupert Christiansen, Love affair with a lost master, Telegraph, 5 September 2005. URL accessed on 2007-02-16.
- Ivan Hewett, Elder statesman, Telegraph, 3 May 2004. URL accessed on 2007-02-16.
- Fiachra Gibbons, Miracle man to stir Halle giant, The Guardian, 7 June 1999. URL accessed on 2007-02-20.
- David Fallows, Hallé/Elder, The Guardian, 28 October 2000. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Martin Kettle, In search of glories past, The Guardian, 14 June 2002. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Brian Hunt, An orchestra raised from the dead, Telegraph, 15 November 2001. URL accessed on 2007-02-16.
- David Ward, I'm staying with Hallé, says conductor, The Guardian, 19 July 2004. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Hugh Canning, Opera: Armed for action, The Times, 2005-10-16. URL accessed on 2007-02-20.
- Martin Cullingford, "Elder renews Hallé contract until 2015". Gramophone, 15 May 2009.
- The Hallé (November 2013). Sir Mark Elder renews his contract as Music Director of the Hallé. Press release. Retrieved on 2013-11-28
- Sir Mark Elder renews contract at Hallé until at least 2020, Gramophone, 2013-11-20. URL accessed on 2013-11-28.
- Richard Morrison, Restored to (hope and) glory, The Times, 2006-04-28. URL accessed on 2007-02-20.
- Geoffrey Norris, A joyful and exuberant farewell, Telegraph, 11 September 2006. URL accessed on 2007-03-16.
- Conductor criticises air security, BBC News, 10 September 2006. URL accessed on 2007-02-11.
- Jeevan Vasagar, Concerto for laptop? Conductor's sharp note over airport security, The Guardian, 11 September 2006. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Richard Morrison, Last Night of the Proms, The Times, 11 September 2006. URL accessed on 2007-02-11.
- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51772, page 7, 16 June 1989, Retrieved on 2007-10-31.
- Charlotte Higgins, Hallé's Elder, champion of British music, takes conductor prize, The Guardian, 2006-05-10. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Charlotte Higgins, Orchestras urge free concerts for children, The Guardian, 26 April 2007. URL accessed on 2007-05-04.
- London Gazette: , 14 June 2008. Retrieved on 2008-06-23.
- Maev Kennedy, Queen's birthday honours, The Guardian, 14 June 2008. URL accessed on 2008-06-20.
- Sandra Deeble, My work space, The Guardian, 2 Oct 2004. URL accessed on 2007-07-17.
- Mark Elder, The music of war, The Guardian, 2001-10-05. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- Mark Elder biography at the Bridgewater Hall
- Interview with Mark Elder at MusicalCriticism.com, 13 June 2008
- Femke Colborne, MusoLife article on Mark Elder, 1 August 2007.
- Mark Elder at All Music Guide
|Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra Music Directors|
|Hallé Principal Conductors|
|Charles Hallé (1858) Frederic Cowen (1895) Hans Richter (1899) Michael Balling (1912) Thomas Beecham (1915) Hamilton Harty (1920) Malcolm Sargent (1939) John Barbirolli (1943) James Loughran (1972) Stanisław Skrowaczewski (1983) Kent Nagano (1992) Mark Elder (2000)|