born on 14/2/1882 in Kraków, Województwo malopolskie, Poland
died on 26/1/1948 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
|Born||Solomon Isaac Freudman
February 13, 1882
Podgórze near Kraków, Galicia, Austria Hungary
|Died||January 26, 1948 (age 65)
|Nationality||Depends when - Polish, Austro-Hungarian, German, Danish or Australian|
|Occupation||Pianist and Composer|
Ignaz Friedman (also spelled Ignace or Ignacy; full name Solomon (Salomon) Isaac Freudman(n), Yiddish: ; February 13, 1882January 26, 1948) was a Polish pianist and composer. Critics (e.g. Harold C. Schonberg) and colleagues (e.g. Sergei Rachmaninoff) alike placed him among the supreme piano virtuosi of his day, alongside Leopold Godowsky, Moriz Rosenthal, Josef Hofmann and Josef Lhévinne.
Early and later life
Born to an itinerant Jewish musician in Podgórze near Kraków, Ignaz Friedman was a child prodigy. He studied with Hugo Riemann in Leipzig and Theodor Leschetizky in Vienna, and participated in Ferruccio Busoni's masterclasses.
Friedman lived in Berlin until 1914 and settled in Copenhagen in 1920.
His official début in Vienna in 1904 featured a program of three piano concertos, rivaling the similar programs of established titans like Busoni and Godowsky, and he remained a titan throughout his career. His style was quiet and effortless, imbued with a sense of rhythm and color, grounded in a sovereign technique, and much has been written about his peerless interpretations of Chopin in particular.
As with his compatriot and contemporary Moriz Rosenthal, Friedman's Chopin interpretations, particularly those of the mazurkas, are considered by many to be unsurpassed. Despite having given 2,800 concerts during his career, he sometimes received lukewarm reviews in America in later years, as younger critics were becoming accustomed to modernist playing which stripped romantic interpretation of its agogics and essence. (Rachmaninoff admired Friedman's playing but may have opined that he "played too much to the gallery.")
Later years and death
At the outbreak of the Second World War, Friedman was in Europe, but managed to escape when a concert tour in Australia was offered at the last moment. He settled in Sydney and remained there until his death (which occurred on Australia Day, 1948). His last concert was in Sydney on July 24, 1943, after which neuritis in his left hand forced him to retire from the concert platform.
Friedman's relatively few recordings, which have been collected by Naxos Records on five CDs, are widely admired, particularly his Chopin and his nine Songs Without Words by Mendelssohn. Like most of the great artists of his time who broadcast, much of his recorded material has been lost, including hours of radio recordings made in Australia and New Zealand.
He composed more than 90 works, mainly piano miniatures, as well as pieces for cello and a piano quintet, but his compositions have not found a niche in the standard repertory. He arranged many works, especially those of J. S. Bach and Domenico Scarlatti.
The Sydney Conservatorium of Music awards an annual Ignaz Friedman Prize for composition.
Friedman also taught several important pianists, including Joseph Gurt, Ignaz Tiegerman and Bruce Hungerford (who also died in a foreign country on Australia Day).
Releases by Naxos Historical
- Vol.1:- BEETHOVEN: 'Moonlight' Sonata / CHOPIN: Mazurkas (8.110684)
- Vol.2:- GRIEG: Piano Concerto / CHOPIN: Sonata in B Flat Minor (8.110686)
- Vol.3:- CHOPIN: Mazurkas (8.110690)
- Vol.4:- MENDELSSOHN: Songs without Words (8.110736)
- Vol.5:- English Columbia Recordings (8.111114)
Release by Arbiter
- Masters of Chopin (Arbiter 158): Selection including previously unpublished recordings.
- Biographical notes in volume 4 of Naxos Records Historical "Great Pianists:Friedman"
- David Dubal, Evenings with Horowitz, who may have made such comments out of jealousy, although he revered Friedman].
- Ignaz Friedman's Concert Programs 1940 (Australia)-1943
- University of Sydney
- Allan Evans. Ignaz Friedman: Romantic Master Pianist. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2009.
- Free scores by Ignaz Friedman in the International Music Score Library Project
- At the Piano with Ignaz Friedman
- Friedman's concert programs
- BosendorferImperial.com - site about the Imperial piano with complete audio files including "Viennese Waltz, #2" from a set of six waltzes written by Friedman, played by Victor Borge